GAA - Gaelic Athletic Association
GAA stands for Gaelic Athletic Association and is a 32 county Irish sporting and cultural organisation that has a presence on all five continents. It is Ireland's largest sporting organisation and is celebrated as one of the great amateur sporting associations in the world today - with more than 1 million international members. Since its inception in Thurles in 1884, the Association has experienced a long, successful and colourful history.
The GAA is volunteer led and community based. They promote Gaelic games such as Hurling, Football, Handball and Rounders and work with sister organisations to promote Ladies Football and Camogie. The GAA also promotesIrish musicanddance, and theIrish language. So the organisation is part of the Irish consciousness and plays an influential role in Irish society and cultural life that extends far beyond the basic aim of promoting Gaelic games.
The GAA was founded at 3pm on Saturday, 1 November 1884, in the billiards room of Lizzie Hayes'Commercial Hotel,Thurles,County Tipperary and has been growing ever since. 1918 the GAA was banned by the British government, but Gaelic games were still played. In November 1920,RICpolicemen and British soldiers entered Croke Park during a football match between Tipperary and Dublin. They fired indiscriminately into the crowd and onto the field, killing 14 people, as a reprisal for political violence that had taken place earlier in the day elsewhere in Dublin. The day came to be known asBloody Sunday.
Nowadays the Association still has its headquarters at Croke Park in Dublin where it has been based on a full time basis since 1908. The stadium, which was redeveloped between 1993 and 2003, has a capacity of 82,300 and hosts some of the highest profile events in the Irish sporting calendar.
The GAA Museum, as the national custodian of all the archives and artefacts of the Gaelic Athletic Association, is dedicated to promoting an appreciation of the values, culture and history of Gaelic games. Located under the Cusack Stand of GAA headquarters at Croke Park Stadium in Dublin City, the museum is open daily throughout the year. It tracesthe birth and growth of the GAA at home and abroad and its unique role in the national movement andcultural revival in Ireland.
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